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Effects of Acupressure Applied to P6 Point on Nausea Vomiting in Pregnancy: A Double-Blind Randomized Controlled

Derya Kanza Gul, MPH, PhD; Ayça Solt Kirca, PhD

Background • Two-thirds of pregnant women experience nausea and vomiting during early pregnancy. The use of pharmacological drugs to alleviate this condition does not reduce nausea and vomiting to the desired extent. Primary Study Objective • The present study was conducted to investigate the effects of acupressure applied to Nei-guan (P6) point on nausea and vomiting in pregnancy. Methods • This study was designed as a double-blind randomized controlled trial. Setting • This study data was collected at a Private Hospital Participants • Turkish women with a singleton pregnancy at the gestation of 6-11 weeks were recruited. One hundred forty-nine women were randomized into the acupressure and control groups. Intervention • While the women in the acupressure group applied acupressure point on both wrists 3 times a day for 1 week, the women in the control group performed no intervention. Primary Outcome Measures • The participants’ pre- and post-procedure nausea-vomiting status was assessed using the Nausea and Vomiting in Pregnancy Instrument. Results • In the present study, acupressure applied to the participants in the acupressure group very significantly reduced nausea and vomiting (Before intervention 7 vs. After intervention 4) compared to the control group (Before intervention 7 vs. After intervention 8, P < .001). Conclusions • Statistical results have provided that acupressure taught to women was found to be highly effective in reducing pregnancy-induced nausea and vomiting. Teaching pregnant women how to perform acupressure on their own will be an alternative method especially for women who do not want to use pharmacological methods in the first trimester of their pregnancy.

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